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How to Master the Four Topics of Fiqih: Ushul Fiqh, Muamalat, Faraidh, and Ibadah with Kisi Kisi Soal Fiqih Ma Kelas X Semester 1 18



Kisi Kisi Soal Fiqih Ma Kelas X Semester 1 18




If you are a student of Madrasah Aliyah (MA) in Indonesia who is studying Islamic jurisprudence (fiqih), you might be wondering how to prepare for your upcoming Penilaian Akhir Semester (PAS) or Ulangan Akhir Semester (UAS) exam. This exam is a comprehensive assessment of your knowledge and understanding of fiqih topics that you have learned in your first semester. In this article, I will give you some tips and tricks on how to ace your exam by reviewing the kisi kisi soal fiqih ma kelas x semester 1 18.




Kisi Kisi Soal Fiqih Ma Kelas X Semester 1 18



Kisi kisi soal fiqih ma kelas x semester 1 18 is a document that contains a summary of the main concepts and skills that you need to master for your exam. It also provides you with some examples of questions that you might encounter in your exam. By studying this document carefully, you will be able to focus on the most important and relevant topics that will help you score high marks.


The exam covers four major topics: the principles of Islamic jurisprudence (ushul fiqh), the rules of Islamic transactions (muamalat), the rules of Islamic inheritance (faraidh), and the rules of Islamic worship (ibadah). Each topic has its own subtopics and details that you need to memorize and understand. Let's take a look at each topic one by one.


Topic 1: The Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence (Ushul Fiqh)




the Qiyas, which is the analogical reasoning based on the Quran and the Sunnah.


There are different types of legal rulings or ahkam that we need to know and follow in our daily lives. They are: wajib, which means obligatory or mandatory; haram, which means forbidden or prohibited; mandub, which means recommended or preferable; makruh, which means disliked or discouraged; and mubah, which means permissible or neutral.


There are also different methods of interpreting the texts of the Quran and the Sunnah to derive the legal rulings. They are: lafzi, which means literal or verbal; ma'nawi, which means contextual or semantic; mujmal, which means general or vague; and mubayyan, which means clear or specific.


Topic 2: The Rules of Islamic Transactions (Muamalat)




The rules of Islamic transactions or muamalat are the regulations and guidelines that govern our dealings and interactions with other people in matters of trade, finance, property, marriage, divorce, etc. These rules are based on the principles of justice, fairness, honesty, and mutual benefit.


One of the most important concepts in muamalat is the contract or aqidah. A contract is a binding agreement between two or more parties that involves an offer, an acceptance, and a consideration. A contract must fulfill certain conditions to be valid and enforceable. These conditions are: the parties must be sane, mature, and free; the subject matter must be lawful, existent, and specific; and the consent must be voluntary, clear, and mutual.


There are different types of contracts that we can enter into in our daily lives. Some of them are: sale or bay', which is the exchange of goods for money; lease or ijarah, which is the transfer of usufruct for a fixed period and price; partnership or shirkah, which is the sharing of capital and profit among two or more parties; loan or qardh, which is the lending of money or goods without interest; etc.


, which is the gambling or speculation in a contract; etc.


Topic 3: The Rules of Islamic Inheritance (Faraidh)




The rules of Islamic inheritance or faraidh are the laws and calculations that determine the distribution of a deceased person's estate among his or her heirs. These rules are based on the principles of justice, equity, and kinship.


There are two main categories of heirs in Islam: ashabul furudh and ashabah. Ashabul furudh are the fixed heirs who have a prescribed share in the estate according to the Quran and the Sunnah. They include the spouse, the parents, the children, and some other relatives. Ashabah are the residuary heirs who inherit the remainder of the estate after the ashabul furudh have taken their shares. They include the agnatic relatives such as the paternal grandfather, the brothers, the nephews, etc.


To calculate the shares of heirs, we need to know some terms and concepts. They are: nisab, which is the minimum amount of estate that makes inheritance obligatory; awl, which is the reduction of shares when they exceed the estate; radd, which is the return of surplus when the shares are less than the estate; etc.


Here is an example of how to calculate the shares of heirs using a table: Estate: 1000 Heirs Shares Calculation Amount --- --- --- --- --- Ashabul Furudh Wife 1/8 1000 x 1/8 125 Son 2/3 1000 x 2/3 666.67 Daughter 1/3 1000 x 1/3 333.33 Total 8/8 1125 Awl -1/8 -1000 x 1/8 -125 Adjusted Total 7/8 1000 As you can see, the shares of ashabul furudh exceed the estate by 1/8, so we need to apply awl and reduce their shares proportionally. The adjusted shares are: wife = 125 x 7/8 = 109.38; son = 666.67 x 7/8 = 583.34; daughter = 333.33 x 7/8 = 291.67. There is no ashabah in this case, so these are the final shares.


Topic 4: The Rules of Islamic Worship (Ibadah)




the five pillars of Islam: shahadah, which is the declaration of faith; salah, which is the ritual prayer; zakah, which is the obligatory charity; sawm, which is the fasting in Ramadan; and hajj, which is the pilgrimage to Mecca.


There are certain conditions that we need to fulfill before performing any act of worship. They are: niyah, which is the intention or purpose; taharah, which is the purity or cleanliness; etc. There are also certain things that can invalidate or nullify our worship. They are: hadath, which is the state of impurity due to urination, defecation, etc.; najasah, which is the presence of impure substances such as blood, urine, etc.; etc.


Here is an example of how to perform salah using a table: Steps Actions Words --- --- --- 1 Stand facing the qiblah (direction of Mecca) and make niyah I intend to pray two rak'ahs of fajr prayer for the sake of Allah 2 Raise your hands to your ears and say takbiratul ihram Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) 3 Place your right hand over your left hand on your chest and recite surah al-Fatihah and another surah Alhamdu lillahi rabbil 'alamin... Qul huwallahu ahad... 4 Say takbir and bow down in ruku' (bowing) and say subhanallah three times Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah) 5 Say sami'allahu liman hamidah and stand up straight and say rabbana lakal hamd Sami'allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears those who praise Him) Rabbana lakal hamd (Our Lord, to You is the praise) 6 Say takbir and prostrate in sujud (prostration) and say subhanallah three times Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah) 7 Say takbir and sit up and say rabbighfirli Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Rabbighfirli (My Lord, forgive me) 8 Repeat step 6 and 7 Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah) Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Rabbighfirli (My Lord, forgive me) 9 Say takbir and stand up for the second rak'ah and repeat steps 3 to 8 Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Alhamdu lillahi rabbil 'alamin... Qul ya ayyuhal kafirun... Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah) Sami'allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears those who praise Him) Rabbana lakal hamd (Our Lord, to You is the praise) Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah) Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Rabbighfirli (My Lord, forgive me) Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah) Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest) Rabbighfirli (My Lord, forgive me) 10 Sit for tashahhud and recite at-tahiyyat, as-salawat, and as-shahadat At-tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibat... Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammad... Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa Allah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasuluhu... 11 Turn your head to the right and say as-salamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullah and then to the left and say the same As-salamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullah (Peace and mercy of Allah be upon you) As you can see, salah is a simple but profound way of worshipping Allah and expressing our gratitude and submission to Him.


Conclusion




In conclusion, kisi kisi soal fiqih ma kelas x semester 1 18 is a useful document that can help you prepare for your exam in Islamic jurisprudence. By reviewing this document, you will be able to refresh your memory and understanding of the four main topics: ushul fiqh, muamalat, faraidh, and ibadah. These topics are essential for every Muslim who wants to live according to the guidance of Allah and His Messenger.


Studying Islamic jurisprudence has many benefits for us in this life and in the hereafter. It helps us to know our rights and obligations as Muslims. It helps us to avoid what is unlawful and harmful for us. It helps us to achieve peace and happiness in our personal and social lives. It helps us to attain Allah's pleasure and reward in the hereafter.


the material that you have learned in your first semester. You can also use some online resources such as or to find more kisi-kisi soal and sample questions. By doing so, you will be able to improve your skills and confidence in answering fiqih questions.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about kisi kisi soal fiqih ma kelas x semester 1 18:


  • Q: How many questions are there in the exam?



  • A: There are 50 questions in total, 10 for each topic.



  • Q: How long is the exam duration?



  • A: The exam duration is 120 minutes or two hours.



  • Q: How much is the passing score?



  • A: The passing score is 75% or 37.5 out of 50.



  • Q: Where can I find more resources to study for the exam?



  • A: You can visit or for more kisi-kisi soal and sample questions.



  • Q: How can I improve my skills in answering fiqih questions?



  • A: You can practice by using logic, analogy, and evidence from the sources of Islamic law.



I hope you enjoyed reading this article and found it helpful for your exam preparation. I wish you all the best and may Allah bless you with success. Ameen.


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